Journal archive > 2014 > N 4 July-August
2Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine;
The endoplasmic reticulum stress is an important factor of tumor growth and is induced in cancer cells. We have studied the effect of ERN1 knockdown as well as hypoxia on the expression of genes encoding factors, which control cell proliferation, in U87 glioma cells. It was shown that the complete blockade of ERN1 enzyme function leads to an increase of the PLAT (tissue plasminogen activator), CCN2 (CCN family member 2), and ITGB1 (integrin β-1) as well as to a decrease of PLAU (plasminogen activator, urokinase), PLAUR (plasminogen activator, urokinase receptor), and SLURP1 (secreted LY6/PLAUR domain containing 1) mRNA expressions. Moreover, we have shown that hypoxia does not affect the expression level of ITGB1 mRNA, but increases that of CCN2, PLAUR, SLURP1, and PLAT mRNA and decreases the expression level of only PLAU mRNA in control glioma cells. At the same time, in ERN1 knockdown glioma cells the expression level of PLAU, PLAUR, and SLURP1 mRNA is decreased under hypoxia, but PLAT and ITGB1 mRNA expression levels are increased under these experimental conditions. Thus, results of this study have shown that the expression level of all studied genes is affected by ERN1 knockdown as well as by hypoxia and that the effect of hypoxia mostly depends on ERN1 signaling enzyme function.
Key words: mRNA expression, PLAU, PLAUR, SLURP1, PLAT, CCN2, ITGB1, ERN1 knockdown, glioma cells, hypoxia.
The original article in English is available for download in PDF format.
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