O. V. Akopova, L. I. Kolchinskaya, V. I. Nosar, V. A. Bouryi, I. N. Mankovska, V. F. Sagach
The effect of mitochondrial ATP-dependent K+-channel (K+ATP-channel) opener diazoxide (DZ) on transmembrane potassium exchange and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation under the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) was studied in rat liver mitochondria. The activation of K+-cycling (K+-uptake and K+/H+-exchange) by DZ was established with peak effect at ≤500 nM. It was shown that MPTP opening as well resulted in the activation of K+-cycling together with simultaneous activation of Ca2+-cycle in mitochondria. In the absence of depolarization Ca2+-cycle is supported by MPTP and Ca2+-uniporter. The stimulation of K+/H+-exchange by MPTP opening led to the activation of K+-cycle, but further activation of K+/H+-exchange resulted in MPTP inhibition. Under the same conditions the decrease in mitochondrial ROS production was observed. It was proposed that the decrease in ROS formation together with K+/Н+-exchange activation could be the constituents of the complex effect of MPTP inhibition induced by K+ATP-channel opener.
Key words: mitochondrial pore, K+ATP-channel, K+/Н+-exchange, Ca2+-cycle, reactive oxygen species, liver mitochondria rats.
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