Ca2+ ACCUMULATION STUDY IN ISOLATED SMOOTH MUSCLE MITOCHONDRIA USING Fluo-4 AM
O. V. Kolomiets, Yu. V. Danylovych, G. V. Danylovych, S. O. Kosterin
Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
The opportunity of Ca2+-sensitive fluorescent dye Fluo-4 AM and spectrofluorimetry method application for the study of energy-dependent Ca2+ accumulation in mitochondria from uterus smooth muscle is proved. It has been found that the presence of mitochondrial preparation increases time-dependent fluorescent response considerably and this effect depends on Ca2+ concentration in the medium. Thus, in these conditions, deesterification active probe is formed which is sensitive to Ca2+.
It is shown that the accumulation of calcium ions in mitochondria in the presence of Mg-ATP and succinate depends on exogenous Ca2+ concentration and is characterized by substrate saturating. The apparent activation constant of Ca2+ accumulation is 53.9 ± 6.9 mM, which corresponds to the physiological concentration of the cation in the cell next to mitochondria. Transit addition of Ca2+-ionophore A23187 to the incubation medium caused a rapid release of ionized cation from mitochondria. When proton gradient on the inner mitochondrial membrane is dissipated by protonophore CCCP, in the case of suppressing the generation of the gradient by oligomycin and in the presence of ruthenium red that inhibits Ca2+ mitochondrial accumulation systems, Ca2+ entry is significantly reduced.
The results indicate the prospects of using Fluo-4 AM to study the properties of the Ca2+ accumulation system in isolated mitochondria of the myometrium.
Key words: calcium, mitochondria, Fluo-4 AM, smooth muscle, myometrium.
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