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Journal archive > 2013 > N 4 July-August

UNDER WHAT CONDITIONS DOES G·C WATSON-CRICK DNA BASE PAIR ACQUIRE
ALL FOUR CONFIGURATIONS CHARACTERISTIC FOR A·T WATSON-CRICK DNA BASE PAIR?

O. O. Brovarets’

Institute of Molecular Biology and Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
Research and Educational Center “State Key Laboratory of Molecular and Cell Biology”, Kyiv, Ukraine;
Institute of High Technologies, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine;
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At the MP2/6-311++G(2df,pd)//B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory it was established for the first time, that the L?wdin’s G*·C* DNA base pair formed by the mutagenic tautomers can acquire, as the A·T Watson-Crick DNA base pair, four biologically important configurations, namely: Watson-Crick, reverse Watson-Crick, Hoogsteen and reverse Hoogsteen. This fact demonstrates rather unexpected role of the tautomerisation of the one of the Watson-Crick DNA base pairs, in particular, via double proton transfer: exactly the G·C?G*·C* tautomerisation allows to overcome steric hindrances for the implementation of the above mentioned configurations. Geometric, electron-topological and energetic properties of the H-bonds that stabilise the studied pairs, as well as the energetic characteristics of the latters are presented.

Key words: G·C base pair; tautomerisation; quantum-chemical calculations; intermolecular hydrogen bonds; topology of the electron density.

The original article in Ukrainian is available for download in PDF format.

© The Ukrainian Biochemical Journal