O. L. Gostyukhina, I. V. Golovina
Antioxidant (AO) system and lipid peroxidation (LP) in tissues of two species of the Black Sea bivalve mollusks Mytilus galloprovincialis and Anadara inaequivalvis were investigated. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD, 220.127.116.11), catalase (18.104.22.168), glutathione peroxidase (GP, 22.214.171.124), glutathione reductase (GR, 126.96.36.199), concentrations of reduced glutathione (GSH) and TBA-reactive products were determined in the foot, hepatopancreas and gills of mature mollusks. The characteristics of AO complex and LP products connected with tissue and species specificity of mollusks were found. Hepatopancreas of mussels has been found to have higher values of all characteristics investigated, except GP. The gills and the foot of anadara have been found to be involved in AO defense along with hepatopancreas: maximum activity of GR, catalase and SOD was found in the gills and the highest activity of GP and maximum level of GSH was observed in the foot. Anadara has been shown to have higher antioxidant potential and lower level of oxidative stress because the LP intensity in all tissues examined of the hemoglobin-containing mollusk was twice lower in comparison with the mussel.
Key words: antioxidant complex, lipid peroxidation, Bivalvia, mussel, anadara.
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