ROLE OF CHARGE AND HYDROPHOBIC EFFECTS IN REACTIONS OF PEPTIDE SUBSTRATES AND INHIBITORS WITH THROMBIN
Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry and Petrochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
A substrate and inhibitor analysis of the thrombin interaction with synthetic peptide substrates and inhibitors of differing hydrophobicity and volume of the side amino acid residue, localized in the sub-centers thrombin S2 and S3 were carried out. The kinetic parameters of individual stages of the enzymatic reaction process (Ks, k2, k3) were estimated. It is shown that the efficiency of acylation and deacylation stages of the enzymatic reaction decreases with increasing hydrophobicity of the substituent in P2 as well as P3, at the same time the affinity of selected peptides toward enzyme is steadily increasing.
With the aim to evaluate the hydrophobicity of compounds a LogP value was calculated and was made an attempt to compare them with the correspondent Ki values. Comparative kinetic analysis of Z-Arg-OMe and its uncharged analogue Z-Cit-OMe has shown the absence of uncharged analog hydrolysis, however, the mentioned citrulline derivate inhibits the hydrolysis of the charged analogue. These findings confirm the important role of hydrophobic moiety in the structure of thrombin inhibitors in preferential binding mode and inhibition of thrombin active side.
Key words: thrombin, peptide, substrates, inhibitors, acylation and deacylation rate constats, LogP.
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