THE ACTIVITY OF PRO- AND ANTIOXIDANT SYSTEMS IN THE LIVER
OF FRESHWATER FISHES IN DIFFERENT SEASONS
Institute of Animal Biology, National Academy of Agrarian Sciences, Lviv, Ukraine;
The content of lipid peroxidation products – diene conjugates, lipid hydroperoxides, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), vitamins A, E and carotenoids and the activity of antioxidant enzymes – superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase in the liver of freshwater fishes of different species (silver carp, grass carp and common carp) in different seasons have been studied. It was established the activity of antioxidant defence system in the liver of fish depends significantly on the season and fish species. In particular, the content of lipid peroxidation products in the liver of freshwater fishes at the beginning of winter and spring was significantly higher compared to their content at the beginning of summer and autumn. The superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities in the liver of these fish species at the beginning of winter and spring were significantly lower than at the beginning of summer and autumn while the seasonal changes of catalase activity in the liver of fish are expressed insignificantly. The content of vitamins E, A1, A2 and carotenoids in the liver of fishes of different species at the beginning of winter and spring was significantly lower than at the beginning of summer and autumn. The content of lipid peroxidation products аnd vitamins E, A1 and A2 in the liver of common carp is significantly lower than in the liver of silver carp and grass carp and species differences in antioxidant enzymes activity are insignificant.
Key words: lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes, vitamins A and E, carotenoids, common carp, silver carp, grass carp, season, liver.
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