REACTIVITY OF METALLOTHIONEINS OF FROG Rana ridibunda
TREATED BY COPPER AND ZINC IONS
Volodymyr Hnatyuk Ternopil National Pedagogical University, Ukraine;
The metal-buffering and stress proteins metallothioneins (MTs) of frog are characterised by unusually high content of copper as for vertebrate animals and instability that was shown in our previous studies. They easily lost copper and especially zinc under unfavourable conditions. The aim of this study was to examine the reactivity of SH groups in the MTs from the liver of frog Rana ridibunda after the effect of Cu2+ (0.01 mg/l) and Zn2+ (0.1 mg/l) ions on the organism during 14 days. The ?- and ?-domains of MTs with molecular weights of about 4 kDa were separated by the size-exclusion chromatography on Sephadex G-50. Unlike higher vertebrates, frogs demonstrated higher reactivity of ?-domain than ?-domain with the Ellman’s reagent (DTNB). The signs of partial oxidations in ?-domain included the creation of by-products with molecular weight about 12 kDa, low reactivity of SH-groups, and typical of -S-S-bonds peculiarities of UV-spectra. The effect of both metal ions on frog provoked the elevation of SH-groups reactivity in ?-domain with the appearance of by-product with molecular weight of 16 kDa and its reduction in ?-domain. The incubation of MTs of control animals with 0.5 and 5.0 mM of H2O2 did not affect its chromatographic characteristics. In the frogs loaded by Cu2+ and Zn2+ the effect of 5.0 mM H2O2 on MTs provoked the release of 4 kDa product. So the ?-domain is responsible for the increased release of metals from injured MTs in frogs, whereas extremely high oxidizability of ?-domain makes its participation in the exchange of metals elusive and provokes the aggregation of MTs.
Key words: copper, zinc, metallothionein, oxidation, frog, Rana ridibunda.
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