INTERACTION OF DIPHTHERIA TOXIN B SUBUNIT WITH SENSITIVE AND INSENSITIVE MAMMALIAN CELLS
Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
The recombinant fluorescent derivative of diphtheria toxin (EGFP-SbB) obtained by the replacement of toxin A subunit by enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) has been used for visualization of the interaction of diphtheria toxin (DT) with sensitive and insensitive cells. It was shown that EGFP-SbB could interact with cell surface of both toxin-sensitive monkey cells (Vero cell line) and toxin-resistant mouse cells (3T3 cell line). The affinity of this protein for receptors of Vero cells was three times higher as compared with 3T3 cells. It was demonstrated that fluorescent derivate was able to interact with receptors of both cell lines and to internalize into these cells. Internalization of EGFP-SbB into the cells was inhibited by endocytosis inhibitor phenyl arsine oxide. We suppose that diverse sensitivity to DT of monkey and mouse cells can be explained not only by differences in their receptor affinity for DT but also by the processes that occur after internalization of the toxin into the cells.
Key words:fluorescent derivates, B subunit of diphtheria toxin, toxin-sensitive and toxin-resistant cells, receptor binding, endocytosis.
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