EFFECT OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES ON THE EXPRESSION OF 6 PHOSPHOFRUCTO-
2-KINASE/FRUCTOSE-2,6-BISPHOSPHATASE 2 mRNA AND ITS ALTERNATIVE
SPLICE VARIANTS IN DIFFERENT RAT ORGANS
1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
2State Institution Bogomoletz National Medical University, Kyiv;
Bifunctional enzyme 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase-2 (PFKFB-2) is represented by several alternative splice variants and plays a significant role in the glycolysis regulation in the brain, lung, testis and heart cells. The expression of PFKFB-2 mRNA and its alternative splice variants in these rat vital organs after single intratracheal injection of silver nanoparticles was studied. It was shown that the expression of PFKFB-2 mRNA is significantly changed in different rat tissues under silver nanoparticles action. The effect of silver nanoparticles on the expression of PFKFB-2 mRNA was observed one day after its injection to animals. In 3 and 14 days the effect of silver nanoparticles was increased (in testes) or kept on the approximately same level (in other investigated tissues). The expression of PFKFB-2 mRNA in most tissues is returned to its control levels one year after the injection of silver nanoparticles to the rats. It was also shown that the expression of alternative splice variants of PFKFB-2 mRNA without functional activity of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase is significantly increased in different tissues 1, 3 and 14 days after single injection of silver nanoparticles. The results of this investigation demonstrate clearly that silver nanoparticles significantly affect the expression of PFKFB-2 mRNA on the alternative splicing level in different vital organs and show their effect on the important mechanisms of metabolism regulation in the cells on the level of key enzyme gene expression.
Key words: PFKFB-2, mRNA, alternative splicing, silver nanoparticles, brain, lungs, testes, heart, rats.
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