Journal archive > 2009 > N 1 January-February
FLUORESCENT DERIVATIVES OF DIPHTHERIA TOXIN’S SUBUNIT B AND THEIR INTERACTION WITH VERO CELLS
Diphtheria toxin’s B subunit provides toxin interaction with its receptor on the cell surface and translocation of toxin’s A subunit from endosome to cytozole of sensitive cells. Functional analogues of B subunit with fluorescent label are considered as perspective tools for studying the above mentioned processes. The aim of the work was to obtain fluorescent B subunit analogues and to detect the specificity of their interaction with Vero line cells. B subunit fluorescent analogues were obtained in two different ways. The first one was B subunit chemical conjugation with fluorescein isothiocyanate and the second one was genetic fusion of recombinant B subunit chain with enhanced green fluorescent protein chain. Specific interaction of B subunit fluorescent derivatives with Vero cells was studied by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Using competitive analysis it was shown that B subunit fluorescent analogues possessed different affinity for cells. The affinity of EGFP-SbB was higher than FITC-SbB. Our results indicate the possibility to use the fluorescent derivatives of B subunit as tools for identification of diphtheria toxin’s receptor (HB-EGF) expression on the cell surface as well as for studying the interaction and penetration of diphtheria toxin to the cell.
Key words: diphtheria toxin, recombinant subunit B of diphtheria toxin, green fluorescent protein HB-EGF, diphtheria toxin’s fluorescent derivatives, fluorescent probes, diphtheria toxin receptor interaction.
The original article in Ukrainian is available for download in PDF format.
© The Ukrainian Biochemical Journal