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Journal archive > 2008 > N 6 November-December

HANNA IVANIVNA SYLAKOVA – A BRIGHT PERSONALITY, SCIENTIST
AND PEDAGOGUE BY VOCATION

On the 100th Anniversary of her Birth 4.12.1908–6.05.1980

R. P. Vynogradova

Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
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H. I. Sylakova, doctor of science in biology, senior scientific worker, assistant professor, was born in Kharkiv, graduated from the faculty of pediatry of the 1st Kharkiv Medical Institute (1927–1931) and passed through the postgraduate course. In 1938 she defended her thesis for the candidate’s degree. In 1935–1941 she firstly worked as the assistant, and then the assistant professor of the Department of Biochemistry of the 1st Kharkiv Medical Institute. In the period of evacuation (1941–1946) she worked as the head of the Department of Biochemistry at the Chelyabinsk Medical Institute. From 1947 to 1980 H. I. Sylakova worked as the senior scientific worker at the Department of Muscle Biochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukr. SSR. She was given the scientific status of the assistant professor in 1941, senior scientific worker in 1949. In 1956 she defended her thesis for the doctor’s degree. Jointly with D. L. Ferdman H. I. Sylakova firstly found and investigated physiological role and transformation ways of glutamine in muscles. She was the first to find and investigate the enzyme glutaminase in different muscles of animals (skeletal, heart, stomach, kidneys muscles) and in their subcellular elements in norm and under various pathologic conditions. She has elaborated the method of isolation of pure nuclear fraction with unchanged structure. The results of scientific investigations were reported at numerous congresses, conferences, symposia and published in more than 100 scientific works; she prepared 7 candidates of science and a lot of graduates. H. I. Sylakova worked as a secretary of the Kyiv Division of Biochemical Society, Scientific Secretary of the research problem Animal and Human Biochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and Ukr. SSR, Editor-in-chief of the Ukrainian Biochemical Journal, head of the State Examination Commission of Biologic faculty of the Kyiv State University, etc. Her work was marked by the medal For Distinguished Labour in the Great Patriotic war of 1941–1945.

Key words: the history of science, H. I. Sylakova, biochemistry of muscles, Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.

The original article in Ukrainian is available for download in PDF format.

© The Ukrainian Biochemical Journal