O. O. Gonchar, I. N. Mankovskaya
The intensity of lipid peroxidation (LPO), reduced and oxidized glutathione (GSH and GSSG) contents, glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione-S-transferase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), and NADP-isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP-IDH) activities were studied in the heart of male rats exposed to two modes of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT): I-breathing in normobaric chamber with 7% O2 gas mixture for 5 min with 15 min normoxic intervals 4 times daily during 3 weeks; II-breathing by 12% O2 gas mixture in the same manner). After adaptation to hypoxia, the rats were subjected to 6h-immobilization stress. It has been shown that stress action after IHT (regime I) caused the increase in LPO and the shift of GSH/GSSG to disulfides. A disbalance in antioxidative defense system was determined by the decrease in glutatione peroxidase, G-6-PDH activities, and GSH content. The support of glutathione reductase activity under stress in this group with simultaneous decrease of enzyme activity in the pentose phosphate pathway was realized through the participation of NADP-IDH. Hypoxic training in regime II induced LPO decrease in the heart tissue after stress. The increase in the heart GSH content, optimal balance of glutathione-related enzymes in this group evidences for the dependence of adaptation effects on the vigor of hypoxic exposition. Our results suggest the active participation of glutathione system in the formation of adaptation reactions under the extreme factor influences through the action on intracellular red/ox potential as well as effectiveness of antioxidant defense.
Key words: intermittent hypoxic training, adaptation, stress, glutathione, glutathione-related enzymes.
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