L. G. Kalachnyuk1,2, D. O. Mel’nychuk2, G.?I.?Kalachnyuk1
The review deals with peculiarities of molecular mechanisms of metabolism regulation of fatty acids and other lipid components in preruminant and ruminant animals (i.e. before and after formation of the functioning of the mixed microbial population in the rumen). A characteristic of possible biosynthesis regulation processes, transformation, transport, utilization and catabolism of fatty acids with different molecular masses and peculiarities and of triacylglycerols and other lipid substances in the liver compartments, skeletal and heart muscle cells has been shown. Peculiarities of intracellular changes in metabolism of fatty acids and apolipoprotein B in the liver of neonatal calves under development of alimentary enteropathology have been considered. Main factors in the mechanism of regulation of intracellular metabolism of fatty acids and lipid substances have been defined.
Key words: intracellular metabolism, ruminant animals, lipids, fatty acids, apolipoprotein?B, liver, muscles, calves, enteropathologies.
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