TO THE 20th ANNIVERSARY OF THE CHORNOBYL ACCIDENT STUDY OF VITAMIN STATUS AND PROVISION
WITH MICRO- AND MACROELEMENTS OF LIMITED GROUPS OF PEOPLE AT DIFFERENT TIME
PERIODS SINCE THE ACCIDENT AT CHORNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
V. B. Spirichev1, G. V. Donchenko2, N. V. Blazheyevich1, Yu. M. Parkhomenko2,
S. I. Aleynik1, N. A. Golubkina1, O. A. Vrjesinskaya1, V. A. Isaeva1,
V. M. Kodencova1, O. G. Pereverzeva1, A. E. Sokolnikov1, L. M. Yakushina1
1Institute of Nutrition, Russian Academy of Medical Sceinces, Russia;
2Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv;
Results of the study of the provision with vitamins and some micro- and macroelements of limited groups of people, who suffered from the accident at the Chornobyl nuclear power plant (ChNPP), which have been carried out by Ukrainian and Russian scientists during various periods after the accident, are generalized in the paper. Persons which participated in liquidation of the accident and lived during the accident in the territory, adjoining to Pripyat (the Kyiv region, town of Slavutich), people which worked at the object “Shelter” and ChNPP were involved in the inspection.
It was noted, that in 1-4 years after the ChNPP accident in blood of liquidators the biochemical parameters displaying security of their organism by vitamins A and В1, remain lower in comparison with the same parameters in a group of relatively healthy persons which were not affected by the accident (control), that testifies to stable metabolic disturbance in the organism of people under irradiation influence.
Selective inspection of the vitamin status of ChNPP and object “Shelter” personnel in 1992 has shown, that provision with vitamins C, В1, В2, В6 of the overwhelming majority of these people (67–91%) are much below the norm.
Deficiency of vitamins C, В1, В6, folate and selenium is also revealed in an organism of 50–90% of women and children living in Slavutich.
Deficit of vitamins in most of persons was characterized by polyhypovitaminoses, that is a combination of several group B vitamins deficiency at simultaneously low provision with selenium, and in a part of women and children – by low amount of iron.
The results of long-term complex studies by groups of authors give evidence on importance and urgency of formulation and execution of International program on optimisation of nutrition, micronutrition status and health among population of affected areas in Ukraine, Bielorus’ and Russia.
Key words: Chornobyl accident; vitamins supply; polyhypovitaminosis; deficiency of vitamins and microelements; vitaminoprophylaxis.
Published at the site: 2006-09-13
The original article in Russian is available for download in PDF format.
© The Ukrainian Biochemical Journal