Comparative research of properties of Na+,K+-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase of the plasma membrane of the myometrium
The comparative research of catalytic properties of two ATP-hydrolases of the sarcolemma of the smooth muscle of the uterus – оuabaine-sensitive Na+,K+-ATPase and оuabaine-resistent Mg2+-ATPase is carried out. The specific enzymatic activity of Na+,K+-ATPase and Mg2+-ATPase makes 10.2 ± 0.7 and 18.1 ± 1.2 mmol P/mg of protein for 1 hour, accordingly. The action of ouabaine on Na+,K+-ATPase is characterized by magnitude of quotient of inhibition I0.5=21.3 ± 1.5 mkM. Processing of the sarcolemma fraction by digitonin in concentrations 0.001 ± 0.1% promotes an activation of Na+,K+-ATPase and Mg2+- ATPase, and in the first case much more efficiently than in the second. The kinetics of accumulation of the product of ATP-hydrolase reactions of phosphate satisfies the laws of the zero order reaction (incubation time – about 10 min). Na+,K+-ATPase is highly specific concerning the univalent cations – Na+, K+ however Li+ can partially substitute K+. Activity of Mg2+-ATPase is not specific concerning univalent cations. The dependence of Na+,K+-ATPase activity on pH in the range of 6.0 – 8.0 is characterized by the bell-shaped curve, at the same time the linear dependence on pH is peculiar to Mg2+-ATPase. The functioning of Na+,K+-ATPase is provided only by ATP, in the case of Mg2+-ATPase ATP can be successfully replaced with other nucleotidetriphosphates. It is supposed that the obtained experimental data can be beneficial in further research of membranous mechanisms underlying the cation exchange in the smooth muscles, in particular when studying the role of the plasma membrane in the maintenance of electromechanical coupling in them, and also in the regulation of ionic homeostasis in myocytes.
Published at the site: 2005-03-03
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