Journal archive > 2005 > N2, March-April

The role of nicotine in regulating lymphocyte proliferation

L. M. Koval, S. I. Romaniuk, D. V. Kolibo, M. V. Skok, S. V. Komisarenko

The effect of nicotine on both the expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and proliferation of hybridoma cells and normal mouse lymphocytes has been investigated. By means of immunoenzyme assay, nicotine was shown to regulate the number of nAChRs in both hybridoma cells and normal rat splenocytes. According to the data of triazolyl blue inclusion and ELISpot assay, nicotine stimulated proliferation of both hybridoma cells and normal plasma cells generated in the course of immune response in vivo. The cell sensitivity to nicotine depended on the number of nAChRs expressed on the membrane, as well as on their functional activity affected, in particular, by adhesive contacts. The use of the open channel blocker benzohexonium revealed that proliferative signal through nAChR in hybridoma cells was mediated by ion channel opening. The data obtained demonstrate the pro-proliferative role of nicotine for B lymphocytes, and may account for the development of lymphoproliferative disorders in tobacco smokers.

Recieved: 2004-11-12

Published at the site: 2005-03-03

The original article in Ukrainian is available for download in PDF format.

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